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Hypothyroidism – Introduction, Causes, Treatment, and More


Hypothyroidism – Therefore, It is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an abnormally low amount of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located at the base of the neck. The thyroid is a part of the endocrine system made up of glands that produce, store, and release hormones into the bloodstream so the hormones can reach the body’s cells. Therefore hormones produced by the thyroid gland are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).

However, the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus connect to maintain T3 and T4 balance. The production of thyroid hormone is carried by stimulating thyroid hormone. And also which is made by the pituitary gland to ensure enough thyroid hormones are produced.

The thyroid Hormones Control Vital Body Roles, Including

  • breathing
  • muscle strength
  • menstrual cycle
  • body temperature
  • central nervous system
  • cholesterol level

Also known as underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism is more common in women than in men and is predominant in people who are over the age of 60.

Hypothyroidism Causes

Hypothyroidism Causes

Therefore, the condition may be due to several factors.

Autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and iodine deficiency. Medications such as lithium used in treating psychiatric disorders include the previous radiotherapy to the neck and the last radioiodine treatment. Thus, this treatment is used in treating hypothyroidism.

Pregnancy – Hypothyroidism

Also some babies are born with a defective thyroid gland or no thyroid gland. And some children have an inherited form of Pituitary gland disorder or damage from previous thyroid surgery.

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

Therefore Indications may Depend on the Severity of the Hormone Deficiency and may Include:

  • weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Cold intolerance
  • Muscles weakness
  • Dry skin
  • Fatigue
  • High cholesterol
  • Insomnia
  • Heavier or irregular periods
  • Slow heart rate
  • Depression
  • Poor memory and concentration
  • Poor hearing
  • Puffy face, feet and hands

Babies Born with a Thyroid Gland or with a Gland that does not Work Properly may have Symptoms

Therefore, babies born with the thyroid gland over the gland that does not work properly may have symptoms this may include:

  • Puffy face
  • Enlarged tongue
  • Feeding difficulties
  • Decrease body temperature
  • Jaundice

In Infants and Children, Symptoms may Include

  • Delayed growth and development
  • Delayed tooth development
  • Reduced Muscle Tone
  • Decreased attention span and

Hypothyroidism – Diagnosis


Therefore, the specialist will question you about your symptoms. If symptoms include dry skin, constipation, weight gain, or fatigue. Also your doctor would test for hypothyroid if you had a previous thyroid problem. A laboratory test of TSH the blood is the most common blood test. Thyroid hormone levels can be obtained later to country confirm the diagnosis. A higher TSH level and a low thyroxine level may indicate hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism – Treatment

Hypothyroidism - Treatment

Thyroid hormone replacement helps treat the condition. Thus, It may include the daily use of an oral medication identical to the T4 hormone. Thus, the remedy restores adequate hormone levels, reversing the symptoms of hypothyroidism.

The Medication is the Thyroid Hormones

  • Levothroid
  • Synthroid
  • others

Therefore, the dosage depends on the symptoms, patient history and the current TSH level. and also Iodine is a significant mineral for thyroid function.

When to see a doctor

See your healthcare provider if you feel unexplained fatigue or have other symptoms of hypothyroidism.

If you are captivating thyroid hormone medication for hypothyroidism, follow your healthcare provider’s advice on how often you need medical appointments. First, you may need regular meetings to ensure you’re getting the correct dose of medication. Over time you may need checkups over time so your health care worker can monitor your condition and medications.


Hypothyroidism occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck, and also  it releases hormones to help your body regulate and use energy.

Therefore, these hormones will replace what your body is introducing on its own and help return your body’s functions to normal.

Read Also: Dietitian – Introduction, Types, Roles, and More

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