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kidney Disease – Introduction, Symptoms, Problems, and More

Kidney Disease

kidney disease is a common name for various kidney conditions. In all these conditions, kidney function deteriorates.

The kidneys have several functions: they produce the hormones necessary to produce red blood cells. They also ensure the proper calcium content of the bones and regulate blood pressure. The most significant function of the kidneys is to remove wastes and fluids from the blood. If they can no longer do this and they can no longer filter the blood sufficiently, it is called kidney failure.

Kidney failure can happen suddenly (acute) or slowly and gradually (chronic). In both cases, kidney failure affects almost every function of the kidneys.

Kidney disease can occur due to a congenital disability, infection, kidney damage, or result from high blood pressure or diabetes. Some kidney conditions can be cured or treated well.

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Kidney Disease Symptoms

If you have kidney disease, you may experience any of the following symptoms:

• Water balance problems can lead to water retention problems (e.g. swollen ankles or swollen face). Dehydration is also possible (dry mouth and mucous membranes, for example).
• Accumulation of waste can cause symptoms such as fatigue, itching, muscle cramps, loss of consciousness, insomnia, nausea and loss of appetite.
Hormonal disorders; in kidney disease, the production of certain hormones may increase, and others decrease. It can cause anemia and increased blood pressure or bone decalcification.

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Kidney Problems: Warning Signs

Urinary Changes

The kidneys are the organs accountable for the production of urine. Their dysfunction inevitably leads to urinary disorders.
If you have one or further of these indications, it may be a kidney problem:

  • Difficulty urinating and feeling of pressure
  • Pain during urination
  • Frequent urination at night
  • Darker or lighter coloured urine
  • Weak or more abundant urine
  • Foamy urine.

Skin Rashes and Itching

A kidney problem can lead to itchy skin because the kidneys do not remove waste from our blood as they should. They then accumulate in the blood and cause itching.

Of course, strings can have all kinds of other causes: eczema, psoriasis, liver problem, herpes, and allergies. Consult a doctor or skin doctor to be sure.

Unlike Breath and a Metallic Taste in the Mouth

You may have kidney disease if your breath odors of ammonia and everything tastes like metal.
Indeed, these symptoms can take place because of the accumulation of toxins in the body fluid due to kidney failure.


Fatigue is an indication of many diseases, counting kidney disease.
If you feel tired of no apparent cause and lack energy, it may be a problem with the kidneys because when the kidneys are diseased, they produce less erythropoietin.


Oedema of the eyelids, ankles or feet can symbolize kidney dysfunction.
When there is a malfunction, the kidneys let blood proteins pass into the urine. It makes an imbalance, and the serum that is in the blood tends to pass into the surrounding tissues, causing oedema.

Lower Back Pain

Kidneys in the lower back and sides and pain on one or both sides should alert you.
It may indicate the existence of kidney stones, kidney failure or infection.

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kidney Disease – Causes

kidney Disease - Causes

The most common causes of kidney problems are diabetes, high blood pressure, and the hardening of the arteries (damage to blood vessels in the kidneys). Some kidney disorders are caused by inflammation of the kidneys, called nephritis. Nephritis can cause by an infection or an autoimmune reaction in which the body’s defence system (immune system) attacks the kidneys and damages them. Still others, for example, polycystic kidney disease, result from disorders caused by the shape or size of the kidneys (anatomical conditions).

In contrast, other kidney disorders affect the internal functioning of the kidneys (metabolic disorders). Metabolic diseases of the kidneys are rare, as they must be passed down from both parents.

Other common causes of kidney failure include certain medications that can damage kidney tissue and block the kidney’s drainage system, which can occur with prostate problems.

Kidney Disease and Diet

A patient with kidney failure often has to follow a special diet. This diet varies from patient to patient. This adapted diet results in less waste. It reduces the symptoms. A diet can also allow the kidneys to deteriorate less (rapidly).

In some cases, a diet high in energy and protein is sufficient to improve nutritional status. It may also be necessary to provide a vitamin and mineral supplement. It is a dietitian who develops the diet. This diet determines the amount of protein, mineral salts (sodium, potassium, phosphate) and water that can be ingested.

Nutria offers specific medical, nutritional drinks for kidney failure: Venison 4.0 and Region 7.5. There are also force-feedings specially adapted to the needs of people suffering from renal insufficiency. A doctor or dietitian recommends dietary foods for particular medical purposes.

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kidney Disease – Treatment and Prevention

Treatment for kidney disorders depends on the type of disease, the underlying cause, and the duration of the disease.

To treat a kidney disorder, the doctor will first try to eliminate the cause of the disease. If it is a bacterial kidney infection, he may prescribe antibiotics. The treatment will be more complex if there is inflammation of the kidneys due to an immune reaction. The doctor then seeks to reduce the immune response using immunosuppressive drugs such as corticosteroids. These agents are only effective against certain types of nephritis (inflammation of the kidneys). Some people must reduce their salt and protein intake until the kidneys can adequately remove these substances from their blood. Taking diuretic medicine to increase the body’s excretion of water and salt can also help reduce swelling associated with kidney problems.

If your kidneys aren’t efficient enough to remove waste, your levels of electrolytes (like potassium or sodium) or minerals (like calcium and pH can treat end-stage renal disease. During hemodialysis, blood is filter through a tube insert into a vein. The line connects to a device that cleans the blood of its waste and reinjects it into the body using another box. Hemodialysis is generally perform in the hospital in 4-hour sessions, three times a week. During’, the space between the abdominal wall and the organs are filled with a cleansing solution that absorbs toxins from the abdominal wall. The answer is then drained into a pocket.

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The kidneys are two fist-size organs that perform three essential roles in the body:

It  remove waste from the body, thereby preventing the accumulation of toxic substances in the blood; they produce hormones that control specific functions such as the regulation of blood pressure and the production of red blood cells;

they regulate the amounts of mineral salts or electrolytes (e.g. sodium, calcium and potassium) and water in the body.

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